Efficacy of some diagnostic procedures used for diagnosis of Trypanosomiasis in camels

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt

2 El-Naser Company for Chemical Industries, Cairo, Egypt


A total of 980 camels were employed in this study for evaluation of some diagnostic procedures used for diagnosis of camel trypanosomiasis. Clinical examination revealed that 180 (18.37%) camels showed sings of illness including, loss of body weight, anemia, abortion, decrease of animal production and edema in some parts of the body. Parasitological examination of camel’s blood smears revealed the presence of Trypanosoma evansi in 57 (5.82%) camels. ELISA detected 99 (63.06%) positive cases while suratex test identified 80 (50.96%) positive cases. Results of mice inoculation test for detection of Trypanosoma evansi among camels showed that 69 (43.95%) camels were positive. The present study clarified that suratex test was 100% sensitive for diagnosis of trypanosomiasis followed by ELISA (98.55%).


Main Subjects