Detection of bovine herpesvirus type 1 and bovine ephemeral fever virus antigens in cattle lymph nodes using three immunological assays

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Virology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef. Egypt


Lymph nodes (Ln) are the preferred samples for virus isolation and detection. In
the present study, carcass and visceral Ln of apparently healthy cattle were screened for the presence of bovine herpes virus type 1 (BHV-1) and bovine ephemeral fever virus (BEFV) antigens. A total of 198 Ln (114 carcasses Ln and 84 visceral Ln) were collected. Lymph node homogenates were assayed by agar gel precipitation test (AGPT), rapid Staphyloccocal protein A (SPA) agglutination test and Dot-ELISA. The overall results revealed that BHV-1 antigens were detected in 43.9%, 56.1% and in 68.4% of carcass Ln, and in 29.8%, 47.6% and 57.1% of visceral Ln collected from slaughtered cattle by AGPT, SPA agglutination test and Dot-ELISA respectively. On the other hand, BEFV antigens were detected in 5.3%, 38.6% and 52.6% of carcass Ln, and in 6%, 41.7% and 54.8 % of visceral Ln collected from slaughtered animals by AGPT, rapid SPA agglutination test and Dot-ELISA  respectively. The results showed high percentage of positive samples with SPA agglutination test and Dot- ELISA in comparison to AGPT for both BHV-1 and BEF.


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