Effects of high dietary energy, with high and normal protein levels, on broiler performance and production characteristics

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Nutrition and Clinical Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt


px; "> normal or wide metabolizable energy to crude protein ratios (ME:CP) on the performance,
carcass characteristics, body composition and blood parameters of broilers fed from 1 to 56
days of age. The chicks were allotted into 7 groups; one control and 6 tested. The birds were
fed starter, grower and finisher diets. The control diet was formulated according to the NRC
of poultry (1994) and the other six diets contained three different levels of high energy diets
(3275, 3350 & 3425 kcal/kg; one level for each two groups). The first three tested groups were
pointed for as the ''normal calorie-protein ratio” groups in which the CP increased in relation
to the increased ME, keeping the normal NRC ratio. In the second three tested groups, named
“wide calorie-protein ratio” groups, the dietary protein was kept at the NRC levels leading to
ratios wider than that of the NRC. Results showed that chicks fed high ME diets with normal
energy to protein ratio grew faster, and used feed more efficiently than chicks fed the control
diets. However, feeding diets with high ME and normal protein NRC-levels slightly improved
the weight and feed conversion. The visible fat and fat retained in the body was higher in all
tested groups compared to the control. However, the blood parameters had no significant
variations among the treatments, except for ALT which had an increased response to increased
dietary energy density. In conclusion, increasing the dietary ME level without increasing the
crude protein level provided moderately economic returns and lesser improvement in the
performance of broilers. However, increasing of dietary ME with normal ME:CP ratio resulted
in increased broiler performance and higher economic return.


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