Normal Cross-sectional Anatomy and Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Pastern and Coffin Joints in Camel

Document Type : Original Article


Anatomy and Embryology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef 62511, Egypt


The present study aimed to describe the normal cross-sectional anatomy and magnetic resonance imaging of the pastern and coffin joints of the dromedary camel. This study was conducted on twelve distal limbs (fore and hind limbs) of fresh cadavers from three healthy adult camels. The specimens were normal with no orthopedic disorders. Twelve distal limbs were scanned using a 1 Tesla MRI scanner and then injected with colored latex to be sectioned into sagittal, dorsal, and transverse slices. Cross anatomical sections were matched with their corresponding MR images for identification and evaluation of the clinically relevant anatomical structures that appeared with different signal intensities on MRI scans. The present study revealed that all the soft tissues of the pastern and coffin joints of the dromedary camels were clearly depicted on the obtained MR images. However, the palmar/plantar ligaments of the pastern joint and ligaments of the navicular cartilage could not be identified on the MR images. The annotated anatomical sections with their corresponding MR images could be used as a normal anatomical reference for the interpretation of some clinical diseases in the pastern and coffin joints of the dromedary camel.


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