Cross-sectional Anatomy, Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Computed Tomography of Fetlock Joint in Camel

Document Type : Original Article


Anatomy and Embryology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef 62511, Egypt


The current study aimed to describe the normal cross-sectional anatomy, magnetic resonance imaging, and computed tomography of the fetlock joint in adult healthy dromedary camel. This study was carried out on twelve fetlock joints of the fresh cadavers from three camels. The gross examination of these camels revealed that they were normal with no orthopedic abnormalities. The cadaveric fetlock joints (n=12) were scanned using a computed tomographic (CT) scanner and a 1 Tesla MRI scanner. Then the joints were injected with a colored latex and sectioned into transverse, dorsal, and sagittal slices. Cross-anatomical sections were correlated with their corresponding CT and MR images for evaluation of the normal relevant anatomical structures that appeared with different signal intensities on the CT and MRI scans. The current investigation revealed that all the major soft tissue structures in the fetlock joint of the dromedary camel were clearly visualized on both CT and MR scans, except the short and the cruciate sesamoidean ligaments that could not be identified on both the CT and MR images. The anatomical sections with their corresponding CT and MR images obtained in this study could be used as a reference for subsequent clinical diagnosis and the interpretation of fetlock joint pathologies in dromedary camel.


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