Development of an interactive three-dimensional virtual skeleton of birds for use in anatomical education.

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef 62511, Egypt.


The aim of the present work was to describe the way of creating chosen interactive and animated three-dimensional anatomic virtual models of particular parts of birds' skeleton. These models can be used for teaching purposes in anatomy courses to assist veterinary students, and veterinarians to know the different structures of birds’ bones without dissection. We used available multimedia technologies to develop a simple computer program for visualization and annotation of threedimensional duck skeleton. The entire program involves three-dimensional realistic objects, description texts, and images, in addition to quizzes for users' selfassessment. Addressing the anatomical structures made the program more useful to promote knowledge, enhance and facilitate teaching and learning of birds’ osteology for veterinary students.


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