Current situation assessment of biosecurity measures of some poultry sectors and hatcheries in Egypt

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Hygiene, Zoonoses and Epidemiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Beni-Suef University, BeniSuef 62511, Egypt.

2 Consultant of Poultry Diseases, postgraduate student (MVSC) in Department of Poultry Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef 62511, Egypt.


"> Preventing the transmission of disease into and between poultry farms, hatcheries, and
from wildlife, or their droppings, is essential to maintain healthy productive poultry flocks.
This study was designed to assess the current situation of biosecurity measures in 3 types
of poultry operations; 125 small-scale commercial broiler farms (sector III), hobby poultry
premises (backyards; sector IV) and hatcheries selected from Giza, Fayoum and Beni-Suef
province, Egypt. A structured questionnaire survey, interviews and observation were used
to collect data on farm characterization, bio-security practices and disease preventive
measures in sectors and hatcheries. The respondents were farm owners, farm managers,
veterinarians, and workers. It has been found that the distance between small commercial
broiler farms were 48.4% [2- 5 km] while for hobby poultry keepers 66.5% [≤100 m], and
hatcheries 41.6% [1-3 km] and 30.6% [7-11 km]. In small-scale broiler farms practiced all
in/ all out system (89 %) as compared to hatcheries and backyards (83.3 and 46.1 %,
respectively). In the most of the small commercial broiler farms, the resting period
between production cycles was higher on 4-7 days (32.5%). Methods most used for
disposal of daily mortalities were on landfill (45.2%) among small commercial broiler
farms. Meanwhile, hobby poultry premises and hatcheries included disposal in water
canals (38.5 and 33.3%, respectively). On the other hand, Hobby poultry keepers reported
that veterinarians rarely inspected their premises. Mortality rate/cycle was (11.9%) in
almost broiler farms. About 64.3 % of the small commercial producers practiced all the
recommended vaccination of their birds against highly pathogenic diseases. In conclusion,
the majority of the small-scale broiler farms and all most backyards were far from the
implementation of biosecurity measures. Biosecurity situation needs a combined effort
from stakeholders, poultry keeper of hobby birds (backyard) to improve biosecurity level
for those sectors.


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